Anatomy and Physiology (Part I)

The Anatomy and Physiology Online Course (Part I) gives you an in-depth understanding of basic science, anatomy, physiology and pathology as well as differential diagnosis and clinical diagnostic skills. 

It is of paramount importance for anybody dealing with patients to know how the body works, to understand physical symptoms and be able to recognize when to refer to a specialist.

Length:

3-6 months

Material:

10 detailed handouts
32+ hours of filmed lectures

Practice exams & exercises
(Textbooks extra at approx. $120)

Tuition:

USD $1275.00

or
6 installments
$298/mo

Anatomy and Physiology Online Course

The purpose of this course

  • To apply the correct terminology to describe anatomical directions and body regions and identify the major surface landmarks of the body
  • To know the structure, function and location of major bones, muscles, joints, ligaments, vessels, organs and glands
  • To understand the structure and functions of cells, cellular components, blood components and tissues of the body
  • To explore key concepts in biochemistry including macronutrient structure and function, energy production, pH regulation, protein synthesis and the cellular basis of genetics
  • To understand the structure and functions the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, digestive, respiratory, endocrine systems and skin
  • To explore the aetiology, signs and symptoms of key diseases in the systems studied
  • To explore homoeostasis and engender awareness of the interconnectivity of physiological processes within the body

Anatomy and Physiology (Part I) Syllabus

Systems of the Human Body
Homeostasis
Characteristics of Life
Characteristics of Death

Cytology

  • Cell theory
  • Cell memory

Plasma Membrane
Parts of the Cell

Transport in the human body

  • Passive Transport
  • Active Transport

Organelles
Nucleus

Cellular reproduction

  • Mitosis & Meiosis

Histology
Epithelial Tissue
Epithelial Membranes
Connective Tissue
Glands
Membranes
Serous Membranes
Synovial Membranes
Body cavities

Anatomical Position
Prone and Supine
Planes of the Body

Human Skeleton

Bone Structure

  • Bone cells
  • Compact bone
  • Spongy bone
  • Long bones

Bone Formation

Bone Growth

Bone Homeostasis

Joints

Bursae

Skeletal Pathologies

  • Sprains
  • Subluxation
  • Dislocation
  • Kyphosis
  • Lordosis
  • Scoliosis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Osteomalacia/Rickets
  • Hypercalcaemia
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Bone tumours
  • Herniated / Slipped Disc
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Gout / Crystal Arthropathy
  • Bursitis

Function
Properties

Muscle Types

  • Cardiac Muscle
  • Smooth Muscle
  • Skeletal Muscles

Skeletal Pathologies

  • Fractures
  • Osteoporosis
  • Osteomalacia / Rickets
  • Osteomyelitis
  • Bone Tumours
  • Subluxation
  • Dislocation
  • Sprains
  • Kyphosis
  • Lordosis
  • Scoliosis
  • Gout / Crystal Arthropathy
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

Muscular Pathologies

  • Strain
  • Tear
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Fibromyalgia Syndrome

Function

  • Organs of the respiratory system
  • Anatomy
  • Nose & nasal cavity
  • Paranasal sinuses
  • Pharynx
  • Larynx
  • Trachea
  • Bronchi & Bronchioles
  • Alveoli
  • Pleura & Pleural Cavity
  • Lungs

Types of respiration

Respiration cycle

Respiration / breathing

Cellular Respiration

Coughing reflex

Homeostasis

Pathologies

  • Sinusitis
  • Rhinitis
  • Common Cold
  • Influenza (Flu)
  • Nasal Polyps
  • Acute Bronchitis
  • Lung Fibrosis
  • Asthma
  • Pneumothorax
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

Parts of the Cardiovascular System

Blood

  • Blood plasma
  • Blood Cells
  • Erythrocytes
  • Leukocytes
  • Plat-Circulation
  • Circulation

Blood vessels

  • Arteries & arterioles
  • Veins & venules
  • Capillaries

Pulse
Vasodilation & vasoconstriction
Blood supply & exchange
Portal Circulation
Blood pressure

Heart

  • Structure & blood flow
  • Contraction
  • Electrocardiography (ECG / EKG)
  • Cardiac output

Lymphatic system – pathologies

  • Lymphangitis
  • Lymphoedema
  • Lymphadenitis

Pathologies

  • Heart failure
  • Heart attack
  • Angina pectoris
  • Arrhythmias
  • Stroke
  • Mini stroke
  • Hypertension
  • Heart valves
  • Shock
  • Chest pain
  • Leukocytes (WBCs)
  • Erythrocytes (RBCs)
  • Aneurysm
  • Oesophageal varices
  • Varicose veins
  • Haemorrhoids
  • Scrotal varicocele

Cholesterol Pathologies

  • High cholesterol
  • Arteriosclerosis
  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT)

Digestion

  • Enzymes
  • Processes

Alimentary canal – organs

  • Mouth / oral cavity
  • Oesophagus
  • Stomach
  • Small Intestine
  • Large Intestine

Alimentary canal – accessory organs

  • Pancreas
  • Adipose tissue (adipocytes)
  • Liver & gallbladder
  • Nerves

Digestion

  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids (fats & oils)
  • Proteins

Pathologies of the GIT

  • Angular cheilitis (cheilosis)
  • Oral thrush
  • Cold sores
  • Abscess
  • Tumour of the mouth (oral cancer)
  • Tonsillitis
  • Mumps
  • Salivary calculi
  • Peptic reflux oesophagitis
  • Acute gastritis
  • Chronic gastritis
  • Peptic ulcer
  • Tumour of the stomach (gastric cancer)
  • Appendicitis
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
  • Diverticulosis / Diverticular disease / Diverticulitis
  • Tumours of the colon

Glands

Hormone activity

Pituitary gland

  • Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH)
  • Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
  • Luteinizing hormone (LH)
  • Growth hormone (GH)
  • Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
  • Oxytocin
  • Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

Thyroid gland

  • Thyroxine
  • Calcitonin

Parathyroid glands

Pancreas

  • Insulin
  • Glucagon

Somatostatin (GHRIH)

Adrenal glands

  • Cortex: glucocorticoids
  • Cortex: mineral corticoids
  • Cortex: sex hormones
  • Medulla: adrenaline & noradrenaline

Pineal gland – melatonin
Endocrine system – glands
Thymus gland – thymosin
Local hormones
Endocrine system & homeostasis

Pituitary gland pathologies

  • Acromegaly & gigantism
  • Hyperprolactinaemia
  • Diabetes insipidus

Thyroid gland pathologies

  • Thyroxine: hyperthyroidism (Grave’s disease)
  • Thyroxine:hypothyroidism

Thyroid gland – thyroxine: test

Adrenal glands – pathologies

  • Cushing syndrome / disease
  • Addison’s disease

Pancreas – pathologies

Diabetes

  • Type I diabetes
  • Type II diabetes
  • Diabetes & ketoacidosis
  • Diabetes signs & symptoms

Structure
Skin color

Functions

  • Protection
  • Thermoregulation (body temperature)
  • Vitamin D production
  • Sensation
  • Absorption
  • Excretion

Pathologies

  • Lesion
  • Papule
  • Pustule
  • Nodule
  • Macule
  • Crust
  • Lichenification
  • Keloid
  • Erosion
  • Comedo
  • Psoriasis
  • Dermatitis / Eczema
  • Atopic dermatitis (Eczema)
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Acne vulgaris
  • Infantile acne
  • Steroid acne
  • Oil acne
  • Acne rosacea
  • Warts (Verrucae)
  • Vitiligo
  • Urticaria (hives, nettle rash)

Functions and structure

  • Kidneys
  • Ureters
  • Bladder

Urinary system – pathologies

  • Glomerulonephritis: acute and chronic
  • Cystitis: acute and chronic
  • Diabetic kidney
  • Pyelonephritis: Acute and chronic
  • Renal calculi (kidney stones)
  • Hypertension

Urinary system

  • Examinations
  • Pathologies
  • Urinary treatments
  • Body homeostasis

Reproduction

  • Asexual
  • Sexual

Male reproductive system

  • Structure
  • Functions

Female reproductive system

  • Structure
  • Functions
  • Puberty
  • Hormones
  • Menstrual cycle
  • Changes in pregnancy
  • Pregnancy

Reproductive system
male pathologies

  • Balan
  • Urethra
  • Epididymis & Testes
  • Undescended Testes
  • Testicular Torsion
  • Hydrocele
  • Testicular Cancer
  • Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (Bph)
  • Prostate Cancer

Reproductive system
female pathologies

  • Menstrual abnormalities

Menopause

Certification

After you have completed Anatomy and Physiology Course Part I, you are qualified for the Anatomy and Physiology Course (Part II).